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Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution in Turkey

Discover how mediation and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in Turkey provide efficient and effective ways to resolve conflicts outside the courtroom. Learn about the process, advantages, and institutions involved in mediation and ADR practices in Turkey

Resolving Conflicts Efficiently and Effectively

In the realm of legal disputes, litigation can often be a time-consuming and costly process. Fortunately, countries around the world, including Turkey, recognize the value of alternative dispute resolution methods such as mediation. Mediation and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) offer parties an opportunity to resolve their conflicts outside the traditional courtroom setting, promoting efficient and effective resolution while reducing the burden on the court system. This article explores the practice of mediation and ADR in Turkey, highlighting its benefits and providing insights into the process.

Understanding Mediation and ADR in Turkey

Mediation and ADR provide individuals and businesses with an alternative approach to resolving conflicts. These methods focus on facilitating communication and negotiation between the disputing parties, aiming to reach a mutually acceptable agreement with the help of a neutral third party, known as a mediator. In Turkey, mediation is governed by Law No. 6325, which was enacted in 2012 to promote and regulate mediation practices.

The Mediation Process in Turkey

Mediation in Turkey involves several key steps. First, both parties voluntarily agree to participate in the mediation process. They can either choose to engage in mediation voluntarily or may be referred to mediation by a court as an attempt to settle the dispute before litigation. Once both parties are committed to mediation, they select a qualified mediator from the Ministry of Justice's registry or a private mediation institution accredited by the Ministry.

The mediator acts as a neutral facilitator throughout the process, helping the parties communicate effectively and explore possible solutions. Mediation sessions take place in a confidential and informal setting, allowing the parties to express their interests, concerns, and desired outcomes. The mediator guides the discussions, encourages collaboration, and assists in generating creative solutions.

If the parties reach a mutually acceptable agreement, the mediator helps formalize the terms, which can be enforced as a binding contract. However, if an agreement cannot be reached, the parties may still pursue other methods of dispute resolution, such as arbitration or litigation.

The Advantages of Mediation and ADR in Turkey

Mediation and ADR offer numerous advantages that make them an appealing choice for resolving conflicts in Turkey. Firstly, these methods provide parties with greater control over the outcome of their dispute. Unlike litigation, where a judge or jury makes the final decision, mediation allows the disputing parties to actively participate in crafting a solution that meets their specific needs and interests.

Secondly, mediation and ADR processes are generally faster and more cost-effective than traditional litigation. By avoiding lengthy court proceedings, parties can save time, money, and resources. Mediation also reduces the burden on the court system, allowing it to focus on more complex cases.

Confidentiality is another significant advantage of mediation. The discussions that take place during mediation sessions are strictly confidential, fostering an open and honest environment for the parties to express their concerns and explore potential solutions. This level of privacy encourages parties to communicate more freely and enhances the likelihood of reaching a mutually satisfactory agreement.

Moreover, mediation and ADR promote amicable resolutions, potentially preserving relationships between the parties involved. By focusing on open communication and understanding, these methods can help mend broken trust and facilitate future cooperation. This is particularly beneficial in family disputes, business partnerships, and community conflicts, where maintaining relationships is crucial.

Mediation and ADR Institutions in Turkey

Turkey has established several institutions to promote and facilitate mediation and ADR processes. The Union of Turkish Bar Associations, for instance, plays a significant role in advancing mediation practices across the country. Additionally, private mediation institutions, both domestic and international, offer their services to individuals and businesses seeking alternative dispute resolution.

One prominent institution in Turkey is the Istanbul Arbitration Center (ISTAC). While primarily focused on arbitration, ISTAC has also introduced mediation services to complement its dispute resolution offerings. This integrated approach allows parties to select the most suitable method based on their specific needs and preferences.


Mediation and alternative dispute resolution provide individuals and businesses in Turkey with valuable tools to resolve conflicts efficiently, cost-effectively, and amicably. These processes empower the disputing parties to actively participate in finding mutually agreeable solutions while reducing the burden on the court system. With the support of qualified mediators and the availability of reputable mediation institutions, Turkey continues to foster an environment conducive to peaceful and satisfactory dispute resolution.

By embracing mediation and alternative dispute resolution, Turkey demonstrates its commitment to promoting a fair, just, and efficient legal system that serves the needs of its citizens and supports the growth of its business community. Whether in family matters, commercial disputes, or other civil cases, mediation and ADR offer a path towards resolution, harmony, and long-term relationship preservation.

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